Home

Dark eyed junco song

Listen to more sounds of this species from the ML archive. Male Dark-eyed Juncos sing an even, musical trill of 7-23 notes that lasts up to 2 seconds. It's similar to the songs of both the Chipping Sparrow and the Pine Warbler, and is loud enough to be heard from several hundred feet away. Both sexes sing a much quieter song as well, a series. Listen to Dark-eyed junco on bird-sounds.net - a comprehensive collection of North American bird songs and bird calls. Home. Search. Favorites. A - Z. App. Dark-eyed junco. call / song. 0:00 / Dark-eyed junco (call / song) call, song. Brendan Lally. Other american sparrows, towhees and juncos If you enjoyed this video please help support the channel by SHARING it on Facebook and Twitter. It's a free way to help me TREMENDOUSLY! I GREATLY appreci.. dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis) is a species of junco, a group of small, grayish American sparrows. This bird is common across much of temperate North Ameri..

Dark-eyed Junco Sounds, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of

Dark-eyed junco - song / call / voice / sound

  1. The simple trilled songs of species like Chipping Sparrow and Dark-eyed Junco offer some of the most difficult, and most common, identification challenges in bird song. There is simply very little information that we can glean from the songs to help us identify the singer
  2. The song is very similar to both Chipping Sparrow and Dark-eyed Junco songs, but tends to be a bit slower and more musical. Calls. Males and females make sharp, short call notes. The males, and possibly the females as well, use a rattle call for territorial defense and other aggressive encounters
  3. A field guide is the best place to look for complete illustration of ranges and plumages, but in general there are two widespread forms of the Dark-eyed Junco: slate-colored junco of the eastern United States and most of Canada, which is smooth gray above; and Oregon junco, found across much of the western U.S., with a dark hood.
  4. Dark-eyed Juncos of the Oregon group are present year-round in the Willamette Valley. Their song is a musical trill, compared with Chipping Sparrow and Oran..

In winter over much of the continent, flocks of Juncos can be found around woodland edges and suburban yards, feeding on the ground, making ticking calls as they fly up into the bushes. East of the plains the Juncos are all gray and white, but in the West they come in various color patterns, with reddish-brown on the back or sides or both; some of these were once regarded as different species. The dark-eyed junco, scientific name Junco hyemalis is a species of junco, a gaggle of small, grayish New World sparrows. This bird is widespread throughout a lot of temperate North America and in summer ranges far into the Arctic. It is a really variable species, very like the associated fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca), and its systematics are. You can find Dark-eyed Juncos by walking around open, partially wooded areas with understory for cover. Keep your eyes on the ground and listen for their twittering call or their trilling song. If they are flushed from the ground, look for an overall gray or dark brown bird with obvious, white outer tail feathers

Dark-eyed Junco(slate-colored) song - YouTub

Dark eyed Junco Bird Sound, Bird Song, Bird Call, Bird

Dark-eyed Junco Songs and Calls - Larkwire

The dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis) is a songbird with weak cultural song traditions because, in addition to learning songs socially, male juncos also invent or improvise novel songs. We compared songs shared by multiple males (i.e. socially learned) with songs recorded from only one male in the population (many of which should be novel) to. Dark-eyed Junco: Song is a ringing metallic trill on the same pitch. Members of a flock, which may spread out widely, keep in contact by constantly calling tsick or tchet. Similar Species. Dark-eyed Junco: Yellow-eyed Junco has yellow eyes, black lores, rufous back, and paler gray head and nape Male dark-eyed juncos sing an even, musical trill of 7-23 notes that lasts up to 2 seconds. Their song is similar to the songs of both the chipping sparrow and the pine warbler. Behavior: In the winter, dark-eyed juncos become less territorial than on their breeding grounds and often form fairly large flocks The Dark-eyed Junco is commonly found in Washington in two forms, the Oregon and the Slate-colored. It is unclear whether other races of Dark-eyed Junco occur in the state. In Washington, the Oregon form is by far the more common. All forms in Washington have distinctive white outer tail feathers, white bellies, and pink bills

Dark Eyed Junco Sing-Off - YouTub

Dark-eyed Junco - Song | Facts | Diet | Nest | Range

Description of the Dark-Eyed Junco Common in the wintertime across the United States Dark-Eyed Junco's are slate grey over most of the bodies with white bellies and a crisp white tail edge. Their distinctive pink beaks set them apart. Because of their wide geographical range they are one of the most popular songbirds in the [ Dark-eyed Junco: Song is a ringing metallic trill on the same pitch. Members of a flock, which may spread out widely, keep in contact by constantly calling tsick or tchet. Similar Species. Dark-eyed Junco: Yellow-eyed Junco has yellow eyes, black lores, rufous back, and paler gray head and nape The Oregon Dark-eyed Junco, which breeds in the west, couldn't be confused with the Slate-colored Dark-eyed Junco of the east (see below). But they are in fact the same species. Photo: Rick Cameron/Flickr (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 The Northern Junco is small, dark-colored sparrow with a long list of very descriptive common names including dark-eyed junco, slate-colored junco, snow bird, and winter finch.. Image credit: Trisha M. Shears, Wikimedia Commons. The Northern Junco is a very common bird at almost any winter bird feeder throughout the. Listen to music by Dark Eyed Junco on Apple Music. Find top songs and albums by Dark Eyed Junco including Undertow, Cold Mountain Poems and more

There are four subspecies of dark-eyed junco. The most common one in our area is the slated-colored junco. It is a sparrow sized bird, about six inches long. The males are dark gray on their head, back, throat and the upper half of their breast. The bottom half of their breast and belly is white The songs of Chipping Sparrow and Dark-eyed Junco sound similar. The CHSP song has less tone and sounds more like an insect. Listen for Song: The male Chipping Sparrow (CHSP) has a long, dry rattle. Calls: Year round, both sexes use a single chip note to stay in contact with others The song of the Oregon Junco is a sweet trill. If you listen closely, you can hear the rapidly delivered notes vary in frequency, a richness often lost on human ears but undoubtedly important to the junco. Songs vary among males, and a few birds sing a two-part song consisting of distinct and different trills It's rare for a junco to reuse a nest. Female juncos choose their nest site, most commonly on the ground near a protruding rock or roots for cover. Occasionally juncos nest near human-made structures like window sills, beams, or hanging plants

Dark-eyed Junco. Dark-eyed Junco pictures and a link to an audio recording of song at the MaCauley Library website. Dark-eyed junco. The plain gray above with white breast version is most common here (my photo) Click to travel to a recording of the Dark-eyed Junco song on The Cornell Lab of Ornithology's MaCauley Library website. song The song is a musical trill that is high-pitched and reminiscent of the song of the Chipping Sparrow. The call is a stip . . . tzeet . . . tsitit tit. It calls the latter sound especially in flight. Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis) on Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica 'Glauca') in winter, Marion, Illinois | Danita Delimont Comprehensive life histories for all bird species and families. Explore Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon) Merlin logo. Take Merlin with you in the field! Free, global bird ID and field guide app powered by your sightings and media. Download on the App Store. Get it on Google Play. Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon) Macaulay Library logo Some scientists do not recognize the AOU's reclassification of the Dark-eyed Junco and still consider some or all of these groups as separate species. The debate goes on even today. Sweet Trill of the Snowbird. Male Dark-eyed Juncos sing a sweet, high-pitched trill that sounds similar to the songs of the Chipping Sparrow and Pine Warbler

Bird Sounds and Songs of the Dark-eyed Junco The Old

[Warbling Vireo song] The much smaller Warbling Vireo hangs its nest from the fork of a slender branch, [Warbling Vireo song] a tiny sack suspended by grass fibers and spider silk. And a junco? [Dark-eyed Junco song] It forgoes the branches entirely to build its cup nest on the ground, between the tree's roots and concealed by overhanging ferns It sings a typical Dark-eyed Junco trill. The other two taxa, Red-backed Dark-eyed Junco and Yellow-eyed Junco, are more similar to each other in plumage, song and breeding/migratory behavior, really differing only in eye color and the amount of rufous in the wing coverts Dark-eyed Juncos are classic ground feeding birds. Watch as they hop forward and scratch their feet backward to expose uneaten seeds under your feeders. In breeding season, Junco flocks disband, couples pair up, and many retreat to secluded wooded areas to nest. Nests are located close to the ground on sloping grades, under exposed roots, or. The Dark-eyed Junco. December 7, 2014 By Herb Wilson in Species Accounts. October is a time when we can expect to see large flocks of Dark-eyed Juncos. The ivory-colored bill is a good field mark. Adult males have gray above, extending down onto the throat and upper breast. The gray contrasts with the white lower parts of the underside

Dark Eyed Junco Calls - YouTub

The dark-eyed junco is a sparrow-shaped bird with a dark head and top, white throat and bottom, pink bill, black-looking eyes and white outer tail feathers, reports ARKive.org. While there are about 16 sub-species of junco in North America, just four show up in Alberta, and just one of those tends to hang around St. Albert Dark Eyed Junco's are small birds, with wingspans of 7.1-9.8 inches. (18-25cm) and body lengths of 5.5-6.3 inches (14-16cm)5. They are divided between male and female colorations, with males having a dark grey upper body, head, and neck with a lighter gray underbelly and females having a tan brown upper body, head, and neck with a white.

The song is a trill similar to the chipping sparrow's (Spizella passerina), except that the red-backed junco's (see below) song is more complex, similar to that of the yellow-eyed junco (Junco phaeonotus). The call also resembles that of the black-throated blue warbler's, which is a member of the New World warbler family Dark-eyed Juncos And Seasonal Changes. Adult Dark-eyed Junco foraging on the ground - Nikon D500, f9, 1/1600, ISO 500, Nikkor 500mm VR with 1.4x TC, natural light. Dark-eyed Juncos are year round residents in northern Utah. During the breeding season juncos are found at higher elevations in Utah's mountain ranges where they breed and raise. Dark-eyed Junco: Medium-sized sparrow with considerable geographic color variation, although all exhibit a pink bill, dark eyes, white belly, and dark-centered tail with white outer feathers. Gray-headed form has gray head, rump, breast, and sides, and rust-brown back. Slate-colored form is slate-gray overall with darker head. Oregon form has black hood, chestnut-brown back and buff-brown flanks The Dark-eyed Junco (Cassiar) is found in the Rocky Mountains. It is said to be a hybrid of the Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored) and the Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon). It is not considered a sub-species or race of the Dark-eyed Junco Dark-eyed juncos usually live between 3 and 11 years. The oldest known wild dark-eyed junco lived at least 11 years and 1 month. Most juncos probably die due to predation by other species (hawks, squirrels, weasels, etc.). (Nolan, et al., 2002; The Norman Bird Sanctuary, 2000) Range lifespan Status: wild 11.1 (high) years; Typical lifespan.

Dark-eyed junco - song / call / voice / sound

Trilled Songs of Eastern Birds - Sibley Guide

The slate colored dark-eyed junco can be spotted in Montana during the winter months. The bird has a pink bill with a white belly and white outer tail feathers. Photo by Gary Swan Songs and calls among the subspecies are generally simi­lar, but songs and calls of the gray-headed dorsalis are more suggestive of the yellow-eyed junco. Call: sharp dit . Flight note: a. Bird sounds provided by The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. Song of the Olive-sided Flycatcher recorded by T.G. Sander; call of the Belted Kingfisher recorded by S.R. Pantel; song of the Dark-eyed Junco by G.A. Keller; call of the Downy Woodpecker by W.W.H. Gunn; and song of the House Wren by G.A. Keller Birds of the World logo. Comprehensive life histories for all bird species and families. Explore Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored) Merlin logo. Take Merlin with you in the field! Free, global bird ID and field guide app powered by your sightings and media. Download on the App Store Dark-eyed Junco Welcome to the first episode of Calling All Birds! The podcast where we learn the art of birding-by-ear together through in-depth discussion, memorable mnemonics, and relatable personal anecdotes

Dark-eyed junco male: unstreaked white belly; dark gray head; pink bill and legs; white outer tail feathers; no wing bars. Female: similar to male but paler. Juncos, which appear in two color forms, are abundant throughout Missouri during the winter. The most common color form is the slate-colored junco. It is light to dark gray all over except. Otherwise pale gray, darkest around the eye. Bill half black, half yellow. White outer tail feathers like Dark-eyed Junco. Forages on the ground, but perches higher when singing. Song has a similar ringing tone to Dark-eyed Junco, but usually with several distinct sections of chips and trills

Pine Warbler Sounds, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of

Dark-eyed Junco Pair. May 10, 2011 A female Dark-eyed Junco lands on a branch nearby, where you can admire her subtle beauty. The muted colors of her feathers. Her nearly weightless buoyancy. Her quick, bright eyes. Her tidy pink bill. Often in winter, you may see a Slate-colored Junco or an Oregon Junco. In spring The Dark-eyed Junco exhibits highly variable plumages. Each of the color patterns described below was previously considered a separate species. The images below illustrate the range of color variations. All have a generally hooded appearance with white outer tail feathers which are often seen in fiight. Length: 11 in. Wingspan: 13 in

The Dark-eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis, is the best-known species of junco, a genus of small American sparrows. Description: Adults are generally grey on top with a white belly. The white outer tail feathers flash distinctively in flight. The bill is usually pinkish. The males tend to have darker, more conspicuous markings than the female RANGE: Dark-eyed Juncos are widespread breeders across Canada and the mountains and Great Basin in western parts of the country.They breed from our mountains (Carolina Junco), north to Labrador, across central Quebec to Hudson Bay and north to Northwest Territories and most of Alaska, moving south along the Pacific coast to California and inland to New Mexico A white-breasted nuthatch in Westborough, photographed by Nancy Wright. Nancy Wright photographed an American goldfinch, a black-capped chickadee, a blue jay, a Carolina wren, a dark-eyed junco, eastern bluebirds, house finches, a mourning dove, northern cardinals, a red-bellied woodpecker, a red squirrel, a tufted titmouse, and a white. Dark-eyed Junco . Dark-eyed Junco building a nest. She never flew straight to the nest from the brush pile, but hopped onto nearby perches and branches as if scoping out the territory and ensuring it was safe to approach her nest. This pattern of work continued many times throughout the morning

quality. Dark-eyed junco song is very simple: a single sylla-ble repeated several times to form a trill (fig. 1a), and each male has a repertoire of ∼2-6 song or syllable types (New-man et. al. 2008). Song bouts typically repeat a song type many times before switching to another song type (Titus 1998). Although simple, song types differ in. Dark-Eyed Junco Junco Ardoisé. John Neville. Song. 40 sec. More by John Neville. Bird Songs of Canada's West Coast. Bird Songs of Canada, Vol. 1. Bird Songs of Canada, Vol. 2. Bird Songs of Canada, Vol. 3. Bird Songs of Canada, Vol. 4. Bird Songs of Eastern Canada. Twelfth Night Dark-eyed Junco. Quiz 3 . Song 7. Song 9. Song 8. Quiz 3 . Ruby-crowned kinglet. Varied Thrush. American Robin. Author: Doherty, Sierra R (DFG) Created Date: 05/01/2020 12:39:24 Title: Bird Songs Last modified by: Duty, Brenda L (DFG). Dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis) possess considerable variation in song. The most common song is a simple, musical trill, all in one pitch, or a series of rapid notes which may be too rapid to discern. Only male dark-eyed juncos sing

But you can't hang out too long in this forest before you're drained dry by predators, and the mosquitoes were already nipping at my face, my hands, the back of my neck. I took off, fast, and was nearly home when at the edge of driveway, I came upon a solitary wild rose singing an aria in pink to a white birch Dark-eyed Junco — riiiiing riiiing (like the ring made by an old rotary phone) Eastern Meadowlark - spring of the year. Eastern Phoebe — fee-beee. Song Sparrow — Hip, hip,hip hurrah boys, spring ishere! Song Sparrow — Madge, Madge, Madge pick beetles off, the water's hot

The hybrid also used several junco call notes. The hybrid's note 2 (Fig. 1) was very similar to the Dark-eyed Junco tsip and trill (the hybrid uttered one trill of thirteen 2 notes) recorded by Balph (1977). Other hybrid notes (4, 6, 25, 30; Fig. 1) resembled junco notes (respectively The results showed that birds that leave the nest at a younger age—like Gray-headed Juncos (one of several subspecies of Dark-eyed Junco), which stay for only nine or 10 days—have less developed wings, and as a result often die before adulthood. Those that stay home longer—like Mountain Chickadees, which typically stay in the nest for 22.

Dark-eyed Junco Identification, All About Birds, Cornell

Dark-Eyed Junco Song: Linking Ontogeny and Function with a Potential Role in Reproductive Isolation Gonçalo C. Cardoso and Dustin G. Reichard Chapter 14. Standing on the Shoulders: Agendas for Future Research Addressing Evolutionary and Integrative Biology in a Rapidly Evolving Songbir Dark-eyed Junco (21%) Song Sparrow (20%) House Finch (20%) The birds in Des Moines are representative and equally common as the birds in the state of Iowa as a whole. Beyond your backyard. To create this page on the backyard birds in Iowa I used some of the advanced features of eBird

Dark eyed Junco (Oregon Junco) - YouTub

Listen to Sunday Morning on Spotify. Dark Eyed Junco · Song · 2013 Dark-eyed Junco (The Snow Bird) Habits. The Dark-eyed Junco, commonly called the snowbird because of its sudden appearance around winter bird feeding stations, is a member of the sparrow family. By October I begin seeing this bird arrive at my feeders. A sure sign of the winter to come. It was first thought that there were five different species Song Sparrow. Chipping Sparrow. Dark-eyed Junco. Fox Sparrow. White-crowned Sparrow. Lincoln's Sparrow. Green-tailed Towhee. Connect With Us. Give Us A Call or Come On In! 10am to 6pm Monday through Friday. 10am to 6pm Saturday. Closed Sunday. 197 South 500 West, Bountiful, UT 84010 single population and, especially for behavior, within a single individual. This paper describes the song repertoires of individuals in one population of Dark-eyed Juncos (Junco hyemalis), together with interindividual variation within that population, and compares these variations with those of Yellow-eyed Juncos (Junco phaeonotus) in Durango, Mexico (Marler and Isaac 1961) and Dark-eyed.

Dark-eyed Junco Audubon Field Guid

Species show a geographic variation in color. Dark-eyed juncos have very dark head and throat, gray-brown backs, white belly, white outer tail feathers and a whitish bill. This is a small bird at 5-7 inches (13-18 cm). Voice: Song is a short metallic trill or series of trills. Calls include tsip, zeet and kew-kew Stream songs including Dogs of War, Across a Room and more. Listen to The Rio En Medio Sessions, Vol. 2 by Dark Eyed Junco on Apple Music. Album · 2013 · 10 Songs year. In winter, the dark-eyed junco lives in open woods, edges, hedgerows, shrubs, weedy areas, lawns, grasslands and cornfields. It becomes more woodland oriented after leaving Illinois in the spring. The song is a trill while the call is smack. This bird eats insects and seeds. HABITATS Aquatic Habitats bottomland forests . Woodland. John C. Wingfield, in Hormones, Brain and Behavior (Third Edition), 2017 2.15.2.1.5 Modulation at the Target-Cell Level and Interpretation of Circulating Steroids. Although in dark-eyed juncos song playback under a variety of contexts does not increase plasma levels of testosterone within individuals (Rosvall et al., 2012a), levels do covary with aggression as well as gene expressions of.

The Dark-eyed Juncos build their nests in coniferous forests from eastern Canada to Hudson Bay and range all the way west to Alaska. Birds of western subspecies may be found in mountains all year, but higher in the summer. The song is a musical trill that is high-pitched and reminiscent of the song of the Chipping Sparrow. The call is a stip. Dark Eyed Junco · Song · 2013. Open App. Yellow House Draw. Dark Eyed Junco. Song. 1 min 28 sec. More by Dark Eyed Junco. The Rio En Medio Sessions, Vol. 1. The Rio En Medio Sessions, Vol. 2. The scientific name of Dark-eyed Junco is Junco hyemalis. It is uncertain exactly what the word junco refers to. Juncus is Latin for bulrush or reed. Juncos are related to the reed bunting. So that may be it. The word hyemalis refers to winter. Snowbird is the colloquial term many use for Dark-eyed Juncos, especially the Slate-colored form

Dark-eyed Junco Pair | BirdNoteSongbirds divorce, flee, fail to reproduce due to suburban

Dark-eyed Junco - Song Facts Diet Nest Range

Dark-eyed juncos are a common sight throughout the United States, but as it turns out, they exhibit an incredible geographic variation in plumage colors. There is a 'slate-colored race' which I was used to seeing in the Midwest - uniformly gray above with a white underbody The plumage of the dark-eyed junco has been described as laden skies above, snow below. Some people call them the 'Snow-bird', for that is when they typically appear (or are noticed). In fact, Anne Murray recorded a song called 'Snowbird' in 1960's about these birds. Since they come and stay in the same area all winter, they. 47 members in the BirdsSounds community. Birding, birdwatching, Bird Sounds, Bird Calls ,twitching. listing. whatever you want to call it, if you

Dark-eyed Junco Overview, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of

To get to the grass seed, a dark-eyed junco will hop onto the top of a grass blade until it bends to the ground. The junco will then stand on the ground, holding the blade, and eat its seeds. BIRD FEEDERS. Dark eyed juncos are a very common sight at bird feeders once they have migrated south, though they prefer to peck for supper on the ground song types during bouts of more motivated singing, as evaluated by the length of songs, suggesting that song types may be preferentially used in different contexts depending on their performance. Key words: bird song, dark-eyed junco, Junco hyemalis, song performance, song repertoires. [Behav Ecol 20:901-907 (2009)

Where do Dark-eyed Juncos like to nest? - What birds are

www.BirdPhotos.com Song Birds New World Sparrows Dark-eyed Junco. Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis hyemalis) Male Range: NA info. Photo by Mdf - Algonquin Provincial Park Canada Sizes: Full size: 1280x1024 Slate-colored Junco. next (Dark-eyed Junco) last. first previous (Cuzco Brushfinch). dark-eyed junco. Junco hyemalis. FEATURES. The dark-eyed junco is sometimes called a snowbird. It has white, outer tail feathers that are easily seen when it flies. The male has dark-gray back feathers with a dark gray or black hood of feathers, while the female and immature birds have lighter shades of gray feathers in these areas www.BirdPhotos.com Song Birds New World Sparrows Dark-eyed Junco Dark-eyed Junco ( Junco hyemalis) Range: NA ( range map ) info Photo by George Scott Photograph Dark-eyed Junco Enamel Pin,Bird Enamel Pin,Origami Jewelry,JunCo pin,Bird Lover,Bird Gift,Bird Pins,Bird watcher gifts,Junco Bird,bird gifts. folditcreations. 5 out of 5 stars. (3,118) $11.24. Only 1 available and it's in 8 people's carts. Favorite The Dark-eyed Junco (Gray-headed) is one of seven sub-species of the Dark-eyed Junco. This particular species can be found in the southern border regions of the southwestern states of the USA

Dark-eyed Junco | Bird Sounds | Owen Deutsch PhotographyEmmitt's Teardrop Adventures: Dark-eyed Junco and MoreBird Sounds and Songs of the Dark-eyed Junco | The OldTHE DARK-EYED JUNCODark-eyed Junco – Aspen Song Wild Bird Food

It emits a high chip note while foraging and has a song similar to that of a chipping sparrow or pine warbler. There are many races of Dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis). The race found in Wisconsin is the Slate-colored junco, named after its dark gray overall appearance. Other races include (right): the Pink-sided, Oregon, and Gray-headed juncos Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis carolinensis) Range: NA info Photo by Danny Bales Sizes: 800x646 1152x930 2093x1689 histogram Full size: 2093x168 Dark-eyed Junco It practices an interesting foraging method called riding. They fly up to a seed cluster on the top of a grass stem and ride it to the ground where they pick off the seeds Winter is the best time to learn your birds! The leaves from the trees that block the view of birds flitting from branch to branch are long gone. Plus there are fewer birds to learn. One snowbird to discover is the dark-eyed junco. These birds are called snowbirds because here in Will County we see them in the winter. They start arriving in October and stay until April 18-25 cm. Dark-eyed juncos belong to a group of small grayish American sparrows. Adults generally have gray heads, necks, and breasts, gray or brown backs and wings, and a white belly. The white outer tail feathers flash distinctively in flight and while hopping on the ground. Their bill is usually pale pinkish